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Dr Andrea McFarlane is accused of taking £600-a-month from a retired teacher which she used to pay household bills, birthday presents and even to service her own car
A senior family GP accepted more than £188,000 in a series of cash payments from an elderly patient whom she referred to as her 'darling angel,' a medical tribunal heard today.
Dr Andrea McFarlane, 54, pocketed £600 a month from the retired teacher and then used it to pay for household repairs, a birthday present to herself, servicing her car and also on petrol to take her sons to rugby matches.
During a six year period between April 2008 and January 2014 McFarlane who had been going through a divorce, 'nurtured' an inappropriate friendship with the widow and 'took full advantage in terms of the financial benefit to her,' it was said.
In a thank you letter she wrote to the unnamed patient, the GP a senior partner at The Crown House Surgery in the market town of Retford, Lincolnshire, said: 'Thank you also for all the other goodies and help towards all that life needs sorting.
'My new tyres, my new locks, fixing my computer, the car service, the gutters needed fixing, the electrician needed to fix lights, the petrol to rugby matches, and so much more.
'You will never know how much help you have given me. My darling angel, you give me more than I can imagine.
'As for my birthday I do know of a beautiful thing I have wanted for many years, a silver bracelet. I promise to get that from you, when you see it you will agree it is quite special.'
The full extent of the pair's friendship emerged in 2015 after the patient, now 87 and who has no children suffered a stroke and was moved to a care home.
Her nephew who was cleaning put his aunt's home found dozens of thank you cards and letters from Dr McFarlane on the old woman's mantlepiece and discovered payments of up to £73,000 had been made by the patient to the GP.
The General Medical Council claims Dr McFarlane had an improper relationship with her patient. The hearing continues
An inquiry by the General Medical Council later claimed McFarlane had also encouraged the patient to switch doctors so the authorities would not find out about their friendship, it was said. The unnamed pensioner - known only as Patient A - was found to have just £2,000 left in her bank account.
At the Medical Practitioners Tribunal Service in Manchester, Jeremy Lasker, lawyer for the GMC said: 'The GMC do not suggest Dr McFarlane intended from the outset to embark upon an improper relationship with the elderly and vulnerable patient, but there can be little doubt that an improper relationship did in fact develop.
'It was a relationship in which professional and personal boundaries between doctor and patient became increasingly and inappropriately blurred.
'Dr McFarlane appears to have nurtured the relationship and to take full advantage in terms of the financial benefit to her. As the relationship with Patient A developed, it placed her in a situation where there arose significant conflicts of interest.
'The attempt by Dr McFarlane to put distance between her and the patient was her attempt to allow the relationship to continue as it did before.'
The hearing was told McFarlane first met the patient in 2003 when she aged 72. Mr Lasker added: 'The doctor has formally admitted that at all times Patient A was vulnerable. In September 2012, Patient A was widowed. In June 2017 she suffered a severe stroke and she was admitted to a care home where she has remained unable to resume independent living.
'She had no children, following her stroke her house and other personal effects were being found up by her nephew. He had then no real knowledge of the relationship which existed.
'As her nephew began to sort through the personal belongings of his aunt he came across a letter, indicating that around 2012 a large investment had matured. He began to make enquiries with Patient A's bank.
Dr McFarlane received gifts and payments of up to £73,000 from the elderly woman known only as Patient A. The largesse was uncovered when the woman was moved to a care home and her nephew found thank you notes from Dr McFarlane
'The bank showed two cheques which were related to these funds. In total they amount to £98,000 and Dr McFarlane was recorded as being the recipient of these funds. Her nephew then began to discover a considerable amount of correspondence written to Patient A from Dr McFarlane. Those that do have dates cover a period between April 2008 and December 2015.
'Many of the letters and cards express thanks and gratitude and disbelief at the kindness and generosity of Patient A. Some letters make reference to nature of gifts received, not always money. The GMC suggest that when all of these are taken together they demonstrate the overwhelming generosity of Patient A and the fact that Dr McFarlane was more than happy to benefit from her generosity.
'There have been regular monthly debits of £600. There were 92 debits over an 18 month period. 72 debit entries which amount to £28,000 are not admitted by the doctor. But in total, she has admitted receipt of £188,800 in cash together with other gifts.
The hearing was told in one of her thank you letters, McFarlane disclosed private information about another patient who was terminally ill with cancer. She wrote: 'She survived for so long and how she fought against it for long is truly amazing.'
In another letter to the patient, McFarlane suggested that she change her regular GP to someone else from the practice as the GMC are 'very strict' about doctors taking advantage of a patient.
The note read: 'You mentioned, would it be better if you changed doctor? Yes of course it would, as a doctor should not have a close relationship with a patient. We need to be careful as people may not understand our close friendship, I have grown to love you as my friend which has nothing to do with me being your doctor.
'The governing bodies such as the GMC are very strict about these things as a patient should be protected from a doctor taking advantage.
'An excellent solution which would allow me to make sure you get the very best treatment and would not cause this professional dilemma, would be if you changed your doctor to one of my colleagues.
'If anyone asked you why you changed, you could say that it was because I have gone part-time and that my waiting times are now longer.'
Later McFarlane emailed her colleague to suggest that the patient wanted to change her regular GP. She wrote: 'This delightful lady requests to have you as her usual doctor as the wait time with my reduced hours are too long.. Hope it is ok that I have changed her to you.'
Patient A's nephew told the hearing: 'I was aware that my auntie had a close relationship with the doctor. Sometimes during family visits there would be cards on the mantelpiece from the doctor. There were one or two photos with the doctor in.
'I never visited my auntie on an occasion when the doctor was there. I never knew my aunt was giving gifts of any sort. I found out when I was clearing up her house.
'I first knew from the cheques that were left. As I went through the process of clearing the house, I found more and more letters and cards.
'There was very little evidence of my aunt investing any kind of money in her own house. Her and my uncle were not known to splash out. My understanding was that when she was no longer able to drive, she gave her car to Dr McFarlane's sister.
'I wanted to try and get an understanding as to the amount of money which had gone out of her account over the years.
'My initial complaint was firstly about the two large cheques. The gathering of all of this probably took me a few months. It only came to light that Dr McFarlane was a friend around 2012. I was not aware that she had any other special friends. My aunt was pretty much housebound. Before she had her stroke, her bank account was down to £2000.'
Patient A's housekeeper Jane Heath said: 'When I first started working for her, she was very fit for her age and very independent. She was in her early 70s and she and her husband led a simple life. I knew Dr McFarlane but I didn't have a lot of contact with her, we met on a couple of occasions at her house. The visits were social.
'A year before she went into the home her health deteriorated. She was a very private person, she did say she missed her husband but never went into detail. I ran some errands for her, I paid for newspapers for her, did her shopping and got anything she needed. I would go to the bank to collect any money that she needed. She would give an old-fashioned cheque. The money would be about £200 or £300.
'She had told me about a three diamond ring she had given to the doctor. I did ask her if she'd told her family.'
McFarlane initially claimed some of the money she received came from her ex-husband as part of her divorce settlement. but she subsequently admitted accepting money from the patient. She denies disclosure of confidential information about other patients and refutes claims she received gifts 'because of her influence on the patient.'
The hearing continues.
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The high jump is a track and field event in which competitors must jump unaided over a horizontal bar placed at measured heights without dislodging it. In its modern most practised format, a bar is placed between two standards with a crash mat for landing. In the modern era, athletes run towards the bar and use the Fosbury Flop method of jumping, leaping head first with their back to the bar. Since ancient times, competitors have introduced increasingly effective techniques to arrive at the current form.
The discipline is, alongside the pole vault, one of two vertical clearance events to feature on the Olympic athletics programme. It is contested at the World Championships in Athletics and IAAF World Indoor Championships, and is a common occurrence at track and field meetings. The high jump was among the first events deemed acceptable for women, having been held at the 1928 Olympic Games.
Javier Sotomayor (Cuba) is the current men's record holder with a jump of 2.45 m (8 ft 1⁄4 in) set in 1993 – the longest standing record in the history of the men's high jump. Stefka Kostadinova (Bulgaria) has held the women's world record at 2.09 m (6 ft 10 1⁄4 in) since 1987, also the longest-held record in the event.
The rules for the high jump are set internationally by the International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF). Jumpers must take off on one foot. A jump is considered a failure if the bar is dislodged by the action of the jumper whilst jumping or the jumper touches the ground or breaks the plane of the near edge of the bar before clearance. The technique one uses for the jump must be almost flawless in order to have a chance of clearing a high bar.
Competitors may begin jumping at any height announced by the chief judge, or may pass, at their own discretion. Most competitions state that three consecutive missed jumps, at any height or combination of heights, will eliminate the jumper from competition.
The victory goes to the jumper who clears the greatest height during the final. Tie-breakers are used for any place in which scoring occurs. If two or more jumpers tie for one of these places, the tie-breakers are: 1) the fewest misses at the height at which the tie occurred; and 2) the fewest misses throughout the competition.
If the event remains tied for first place (or a limited advancement position to a subsequent meet), the jumpers have a jump-off, beginning at the next greater height. Each jumper has one attempt. The bar is then alternately lowered and raised until only one jumper succeeds at a given height.
The first recorded high jump event took place in Scotland in the 19th century. Early jumpers used either an elaborate straight-on approach or a scissors technique. In latter years, soon then after, the bar was approached diagonally, and the jumper threw first the inside leg and then the other over the bar in a scissoring motion. Around the turn of the 20th century, techniques began to change, beginning with the Irish-American Michael Sweeney's Eastern cut-off. By taking off like the scissors and extending his spine and flattening out over the bar, Sweeney raised the world record to 1.97 m (6 ft 5 1⁄2 in) in 1895.
Another American, George Horine, developed an even more efficient technique, the Western roll. In this style, the bar again is approached on a diagonal, but the inner leg is used for the take-off, while the outer leg is thrust up to lead the body sideways over the bar. Horine increased the world standard to 2.01 m (6 ft 7 in) in 1912. His technique was predominant through the Berlin Olympics of 1936, in which the event was won by Cornelius Johnson at 2.03 m (6 ft 7 3⁄4 in).
American and Soviet jumpers were the most successful for the next four decades, and they pioneered the evolution of the straddle technique. Straddle jumpers took off as in the Western roll, but rotated their (belly-down) torso around the bar, obtaining the most efficient and highest clearance (of the bar) up to that time. Straddle-jumper, Charles Dumas, was the first to clear 7 feet (2.13 m), in 1956, and American John Thomas pushed the world mark to 2.23 m (7 ft 3 3⁄4 in) in 1960. Valeriy Brumel took over the event for the next four years. The elegant Soviet jumper radically sped up his approach run, took the record up to 2.28 m (7 ft 5 3⁄4 in), and won the Olympic gold medal in 1964, before a motorcycle accident ended his career.
American coaches, including two-time NCAA champion Frank Costello of the University of Maryland, flocked to Russia to learn from Brumel and his coaches. However, it would be a solitary innovator at Oregon State University, Dick Fosbury, who would bring the high jump into the next century. Taking advantage of the raised, softer landing areas by then in use, Fosbury added a new twist to the outmoded Eastern Cut-off. He directed himself over the bar head and shoulders first, sliding over on his back and landing in a fashion which would likely have broken his neck in the old, sawdust landing pits. After he used this Fosbury flop to win the 1968 Olympic gold medal, the technique began to spread around the world, and soon floppers were dominating international high jump competitions. The last straddler to set a world record was Vladimir Yashchenko, who cleared 2.33 m (7 ft 7 1⁄2 in) in 1977 and then 2.35 m (7 ft 8 1⁄2 in) indoors in 1978.
Among renowned high jumpers following Fosbury's lead were Americans Dwight Stones and his rival, 1.73 metres (5 ft 8 in) tall Franklin Jacobs of Paterson, NJ, who cleared 2.32 m (7 ft 7 1⁄4 in), 0.59 metres (1 ft 11 in) over his head (a feat equalled 27 years later by Sweden's Stefan Holm); Chinese record-setters Ni-chi Chin and Zhu Jianhua; Germans Gerd Wessig and Dietmar Mögenburg; Swedish Olympic medalist and former world record holder Patrik Sjöberg; and female jumpers Iolanda Balaş of Romania, Ulrike Meyfarth of Germany and Italy's Sara Simeoni.
The approach run
The approach run of the high jump may actually be more important than the take-off. If a high jumper runs with bad timing or without enough aggression, clearing a high bar becomes more of a challenge. The approach requires a certain shape or curve, the right amount of speed, and the correct number of strides. The approach angle is also critical for optimal height.
Most great straddle jumpers have a run at angles of about 30 to 40 degrees. The length of the run is determined by the speed of the person's approach. A slower run requires about 8 strides. However, a faster high jumper might need about 13 strides. A greater run speed allows a greater part of the body's forward momentum to be converted upward.
The J type approach, favored by Fosbury floppers, allows for horizontal speed, the ability to turn in the air (centripetal force), and good take-off position. This allows for horizontal momentum to turn into vertical momentum, propelling the jumper off the ground and over the bar. The approach should be a hard controlled stride so that a person does not fall from creating an angle with speed. Athletes should run tall and lean on the curve, from the ankles and not the hips. This allows the correct angle to force their hips to rotate during take-off, which allows their center of gravity to pass under the bar.
Unlike the classic straddle technique, where the take-off foot is "planted" in the same spot at every height, flop-style jumpers must adjust their take-off as the bar is raised. Their approach run must be adjusted slightly so that their take-off spot is slightly further out from the bar in order to allow their hips to clear the bar while still maintaining enough momentum to carry their legs across the bar. Jumpers attempting to reach record heights commonly fail when most of their energy is directed into the vertical effort, and they brush the bar off the standards with the backs of their legs as they stall out in mid-air.
An effective approach shape can be derived from physics. For example, the rate of backward spin required as the jumper crosses the bar to facilitate shoulder clearance on the way up and foot clearance on the way down can be determined by computer simulation. This rotation rate can be back-calculated to determine the required angle of lean away from the bar at plant, based on how long the jumper is on the take-off foot. This information, together with the jumper's speed in the curve, can be used to calculate the radius of the curved part of the approach. This is a lot of work and requires measurements of running speed and time of take-off foot on the ground. However, one can work in the opposite direction by assuming an approach radius and watching the resulting backward rotation. This only works if some basic rules are followed in how one executes the approach and take-off.
Drills can be practiced to solidify the approach. One drill is to run in a straight line (the linear part of the approach) and then run two to three circles spiraling into one another. Another is to run or skip a circle of any size, two to three times in a row. It is important to train to leap upwards without first leaning into the bar, allowing the momentum of the J approach to carry the body across the bar.
In competition the winner is the person who cleared the highest height. In case of a tie, fewer failed attempts at that height are better: i.e., the jumper who makes a height on his or her first attempt is placed ahead of someone who clears the same height on the second or third attempt. If there still is a tie, all the failed attempts at lower heights are added up, and the one with the fewest total misses is declared the winner. If still tied, a playoff is held. Starting height is the next higher height after the overjumped one. If all the competitors clear the height, the bar is raised 2 cm (0.79 in), and if they fail, the bar is lowered 2 cm. That continues until only one competitor succeeds in overjumping that height, and he or she is declared the winner.
- In the table below, dashes indicate that a height was not attempted, crosses indicate failed attempts, and circles indicate a cleared height. Jumpers A and D cleared 1.99 m but failed at 2.01 m. A wins this competition having cleared the winning height with two attempts, while jumper D required three attempts. Similarly, B is ranked ahead of C, having cleared the decisive height (i.e., 1.97m) in the first attempt.
In high jump, it helps if the athlete is tall, has long legs, and limited weight on their body. They must have a strong lower body and flexibility helps a lot as well. High jumpers tend to go through very vigorous training methods to achieve this ideal body frame.
High jumpers must have a fast approach so it is crucial to work on speed and also speed endurance. Lots of high jump competitions may take hours and athletes must make sure they have the endurance to last the entire competition. Common sprint endurance workouts for high jumpers include 200-, 400-, and 800-meter training. Other speed endurance training methods such as hill training or a ladder workout may also be used.
It is crucial for high jumpers to have strong lower bodies and cores, as the bar progressively gets higher, the strength of an athlete's legs (along with speed and technique) will help propel them over the bar. Squats, deadlifts, and core exercises will help a high jumper achieve these goals. It is important, however, for a high jumper to keep a slim figure as any unnecessary weight makes it difficult to jump higher.
Arguably the most important training for a high jumper is plyometric training. Because high jump is such a technical event, any mistake in the technique could either lead to failure, injury, or both. To prevent these from happening, high jumpers tend to focus heavily on plyometrics. This includes hurdle jumps, flexibility training, skips, or scissor kick training. Plyometric workouts tend to be performed at the beginning of the workout.
All-time top 25 high jumpers
See also: Men's high jump world record progression, Women's high jump world record progression, and Men's high jump indoor world record progression
Below is a list of jumps equal or superior to 2.40m:
- Javier Sotomayor also jumped 2.44m (1989), 2.43m (1988, 1989), 2.42m (1994), 2.41m (1993), 2.40m (1991, 1994, 1995).
- Mutaz Essa Barshim also jumped 2.42m (2014) and 2.40m (2014, 2016, 2017, 2018).
- Ivan Ukhov also jumped 2.41m (2014) and 2.40m (2009, 2014).
- Bohdan Bondarenko also jumped 2.41m (2013) and 2.40m (2009).
- Patrik Sjöberg also jumped 2.41m (1987) and 2.40m (1989).
- Carlo Thränhardt also jumped 2.40m (1987).
Below is a list of jumps equal or superior to 2.05 m:
- Stefka Kostadinova also jumped 2.08 m (1986), 2.07 m (1986, 1987, 1988), 2.06 m (1985, 1986, 1987, 1988), 2.05 m (1986, 1987, 1988, 1992, 1993, 1996).
- Blanka Vlašić also jumped 2.07 m (2007) and 2.06 m (2007, 2008, 2010), 2.05 m (2007, 2008, 2009, 2010).
- Kajsa Bergqvist also jumped 2.06 m (2003), 2.05 m (2002, 2006).
- Anna Chicherova also jumped 2.06 m (2012), 2.05 m (2011, 2012).
- Heike Henkel also jumped 2.05 m (1991).
- Hestrie Cloete also jumped 2.05 m (2003).
- Mariya Lasitskene also jumped 2.05 m (2017).
World Championships medalists
World Indoor Championships medalists
- A Known as the World Indoor Games
Athletes with most medals
Athletes who have won multiple titles at the two most important competitions, the Olympic Games and the World Championships:
- 3 wins: Javier Sotomayor (CUB) - Olympic Champion in 1992, World Champion in 1993 & 1997
- 3 wins: Stefka Kostadinova (BUL) - Olympic Champion in 1996, World Champion in 1987 & 1995
- 2 wins: Gennadiy Avdeyenko (URS) - Olympic Champion in 1988, World Champion in 1983
- 2 wins: Charles Austin (USA) - Olympic Champion in 1996, World Champion in 1991
- 2 wins: Iolanda Balas (ROM) - Olympic Champion in 1960 & 1964
- 2 wins: Ulrike Meyfarth (FRG) - Olympic Champion in 1972 & 1984
- 2 wins: Heike Henkel (GER) - Olympic Champion in 1992, World Champion in 1991
- 2 wins: Hestrie Cloete (RSA) - World Champion in 2001 & 2003
- 2 wins: Blanka Vlasic (CRO) - World Champion in 2007 & 2009
- 2 wins: Anna Chicherova (RUS) - Olympic Champion in 2012, World Champion in 2011
- 2 wins: Mariya Lasitskene (RUS) - World Champion in 2015 & 2017
Kostadinova and Sotomayor are the only high jumpers to have been Olympic Champion, World Champion and broken the world record.
- "i" indicates indoor performance.
All time lists of athletes with the highest recorded jumps above their own height.
MenRank Differential Athlete Height Mark
|1||0.59 m (1 ft 11 in)||Stefan Holm||1.81 m (5 ft 11 1⁄4 in)||2.40 m (7 ft 10 1⁄4 in)|
|Franklin Jacobs||1.73 m (5 ft 8 in)||2.32 m (7 ft 7 1⁄4 in)|
|3||0.58 m (1 ft 10 3⁄4 in)||Linus Thörnblad||1.80 m (5 ft 10 3⁄4 in)||2.38 m (7 ft 9 1⁄2 in)|
|Anton Riepl||1.75 m (5 ft 8 3⁄4 in)||2.33 m (7 ft 7 1⁄2 in)|
|Rick Noji||1.73 m (5 ft 8 in)||2.31 m (7 ft 6 3⁄4 in)|
|6||0.57 m (1 ft 10 1⁄4 in)||Hollis Conway||1.83 m (6 ft 0 in)||2.40 m (7 ft 10 1⁄4 in)|
|7||0.56 m (1 ft 10 in)||Takahiro Kimino||1.76 m (5 ft 9 1⁄4 in)||2.32 m (7 ft 7 1⁄4 in)|
|Charles Austin||1.84 m (6 ft 1⁄4 in)||2.40 m (7 ft 10 1⁄4 in)|
|Sorin Matei||1.84 m (6 ft 1⁄4 in)||2.40 m (7 ft 10 1⁄4 in)|
|10||0.55 m (1 ft 9 1⁄2 in)||Robert Wolski||1.84 m (6 ft 1⁄4 in)||2.31 m (7 ft 6 3⁄4 in)|
|Hari Shankar Roy||1.70 m (5 ft 6 3⁄4 in)||2.25 m (7 ft 4 1⁄2 in)|
|Marcello Benvenuti||1.78 m (5 ft 10 in)||2.33 m (7 ft 7 1⁄2 in)|
|Milton Ottey||1.78 m (5 ft 10 in)||2.33 m (7 ft 7 1⁄2 in)|
WomenRank Differential Athlete Height Mark
|1||0.35 m (1 ft 1 3⁄4 in)||Antonietta Di Martino||1.69 m (5 ft 6 1⁄2 in)||2.04 m (6 ft 8 1⁄4 in)|
|2||0.33 m (1 ft 3⁄4 in)||Kajsa Bergqvist||1.75 m (5 ft 8 3⁄4 in)||2.08 m (6 ft 9 3⁄4 in)|
|Niki Bakoyianni||1.70 m (5 ft 6 3⁄4 in)||2.03 m (6 ft 7 3⁄4 in)|
|4||0.32 m (1 ft 1⁄2 in)||Yolanda Henry||1.68 m (5 ft 6 in)||2.00 m (6 ft 6 1⁄2 in)|
|Emilia Dragieva||1.68 m (5 ft 6 in)||2.00 m (6 ft 6 1⁄2 in)|
|6||0.31 m (1 ft 0 in)||Marie Collonvillé||1.63 m (5 ft 4 in)||1.94 m (6 ft 4 1⁄4 in)|
|Inika McPherson||1.65 m (5 ft 4 3⁄4 in)||1.96 m (6 ft 5 in)|
|8||0.30 m (11 3⁄4 in)||Jessica Ennis||1.65 m (5 ft 4 3⁄4 in)||1.95 m (6 ft 4 3⁄4 in)|
|Viktoriya Seryogina||1.70 m (5 ft 6 3⁄4 in)||2.00 m (6 ft 6 1⁄2 in)|
|Antonella Bevilacqua||1.69 m (5 ft 6 1⁄2 in)||1.99 m (6 ft 6 1⁄4 in)|
|Lyudmila Andonova||1.77 m (5 ft 9 1⁄2 in)||2.07 m (6 ft 9 1⁄4 in)|
|Cindy Holmes||1.53 m (5 ft 0 in)||1.83 m (6 ft 0 in)|
Female two metres club
As of August 2017, 67 different female athletes had ever been able to jump 2.00 m (6 ft 6 1⁄2 in).# Nations Athletes 16 9 8 6 4 3 2 1
Anna Chicherova 2.07, Elena Slesarenko 2.06, Mariya Lasitskene 2.06, Tamara Bykova 2.05, Irina Gordeeva 2.04, Marina Kuptsova 2.03,
Svetlana Shkolina 2.03, Tatyana Babashkina 2.03, Yelena Yelesina 2.02, Yelena Gulyayeva 2.01, Svetlana Lapina 2.00
Ekaterina Savchenko 2.00, Larisa Kositsyna 2.00, Viktoriya Klyugina 2.00, Viktoriya Seryogina 2.00, Yuliya Lyakhova 2.00
Heike Henkel 2.07, Ariane Friedrich 2.06, Alina Astafei 2.04, Ulrike Meyfarth 2.03, Gabriele Günz 2.01, Heike Balck 2.01,
Daniela Rath 2.00, Meike Kröger 2.00, Marie-Laurence Jungfleisch 2.00
Chaunté Lowe 2.05, Brigetta Barrett 2.04, Louise Ritter 2.03, Amy Acuff 2.01, Tisha Waller 2.01,
Coleen Sommer 2.00, Jan Wohlschlag 2.00, Yolanda Henry 2.00
|Ukraine||Inha Babakova 2.05, Vita Styopina 2.02, Iryna Mykhalchenko 2.01, Vita Palamar 2.01, Yuliya Levchenko 2.01, Lyudmila Avdeyenko 2.00|
|Bulgaria||Stefka Kostadinova 2.09, Lyudmila Andonova 2.07, Venelina Veneva-Mateeva 2.04, Emilia Dragieva 2.00, Svetlana Isaeva-Leseva 2.00, Mirela Demireva 2.00|
|Italy||Antonietta Di Martino 2.04, Elena Vallortigara 2.02, Sara Simeoni 2.01, Alessia Trost 2.00|
|South Africa||Hestrie Cloete 2.06, Desiré du Plessis 2.01, Charmaine Gale-Weavers 2.00|
|Sweden||Kajsa Bergqvist 2.08, Emma Green Tregaro 2.01|
|Cuba||Silvia Costa 2.04, Ioamnet Quintero 2.01|
|East Germany||Susanne Beyer 2.02, Rosemarie Ackermann 2.00|
|Belgium||Tia Hellebaut 2.05, Nafissatou Thiam 2.01|
|Croatia||Blanka Vlašić 2.08|
|Greece||Niki Bakogianni 2.03|
|Romania||Monica Iagar 2.03|
|Spain||Ruth Beitia 2.02|
|Poland||Kamila Lićwinko 2.02|
|Kazakhstan||Olga Turchak 2.01|
|Norway||Hanne Haugland 2.01|
|Lithuania||Airinė Palšytė 2.01|
|Yugoslavia||Biljana Petrović 2.00|
|Belarus||Tatyana Shevchik 2.00|
|Czech Republic||Zuzana Hlavoňová 2.00|
|Slovenia||Britta Bilač 2.00|
|Hungary||Dóra Győrffy 2.00|
Notes and references
- ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on October 11, 2011. Retrieved October 10, 2011.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link) iaaf rules
- ^ CoachR. "The HIGH JUMP". www.coachr.org.
- ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on November 23, 2008. Retrieved February 11, 2009.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
- ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on November 23, 2008. Retrieved February 11, 2009.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
- ^ "How it works". iaaf.org. Retrieved 8 August 2015.
- ^ http://www.everythingtrackandfield.com/webapp/wcs/stores/servlet/PBOnePieceView?storeId=10152&catalogId=10753&pagename=307
- ^ KangarooTrackClub.org. "High Jump Drills". www.kangarootrackclub.org.
- ^ High Jump - men - senior - outdoor. IAAF. Retrieved on 2014-01-25.
- ^ High Jump - men - senior - indoor. IAAF. Retrieved on 2014-01-25.
- ^ "Justin Gatlin rolls back the years as tyro Barshim basks". zeenews.india.com. 6 September 2014. Retrieved 6 September 2014.
- ^ . IAAF. Retrieved on 2014-02-25.
- ^ a b "High Jump Results". IAAF. 14 June 2014. Retrieved 14 June 2014.
- ^ Note: Drouin jumped imperial 7'10 ½"
- ^ "High Jump Results". Diamond League - Lausanne. 3 July 2014. Archived from the original on 5 July 2013. Retrieved 4 July 2014.
- ^ "High Jump Results" (PDF). sportresult.com. 20 July 2018. Retrieved 1 August 2018.
- ^ a b "High Jump Results" (PDF). sportresult.com. 15 July 2016. Retrieved 16 July 2016.
- ^ "High Jump Results" (PDF). sportresult.com. 6 July 2017. Retrieved 9 July 2017.
- ^ High Jump Differentials Archived July 17, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
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