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Commander in Chief is an American drama television series that focused on the fictional administration and family of Mackenzie Allen (portrayed by Geena Davis), the first female President of the United States, who ascends to the post from the Vice Presidency after the death of the sitting President from a sudden cerebral aneurysm.

The series began broadcasting on ABC on Tuesday, September 27, 2005, at 9 p.m. Eastern Time, although most countries outside North America began screening the series in mid-2006.

The show was #1 on Tuesday nights until FOX's American Idol started in January. The show was also the #1 new show of the season until CBS' Criminal Minds surpassed it. Its major competitor in the 9:00 p.m. timeslot was FOX's House, which aired after American Idol.

The series was created by American director Rod Lurie, director of the films The Contender and Deterrence.

The network replaced Lurie with Steven Bochco as show runner,[1] but after he failed to increase ratings he was also replaced with Dee Johnson while further declining ratings brought about a hiatus, a timeslot change and ultimately cancellation.

Contents

Characters[edit]

Main article: List of Characters from Commander In Chief

Main[edit]

  • Mackenzie Allen (Geena Davis)
    • Mac is a former member of Congress from Connecticut and chancellor of the University of Richmond. An Independent placed on the Republican presidential ticket alongside Teddy Bridges, Mac is the first female vice president, and, upon Bridges' death, she becomes the first female president of the United States. During the first season, Mac decides she wants to run for re-election, with her political strategists stating her campaign is likely to secure her the middle fifty percent of voters.
  • Nathan Templeton (Donald Sutherland)
    • Templeton is a Republican congressional leader from Florida and The Speaker of the United States House of Representatives. He was Bridges' choice to succeed him as President, and thus he harbors significant resentment towards Mac, who refused to resign from her position. He and Mac slowly become more acquainted with one another over the course of the series, and begin to develop a political kinship. He has his own intentions to run as a Republican candidate in the next election. He is married, with no children.
  • Jim Gardner (Harry Lennix)
    • Jim was Bridges' chief of staff, and was asked by Allen to continue into her administration. A loyal supporter of his Commander in Chief, Gardner finds himself resented by her husband, Rod Calloway, who served as her vice presidential chief of staff. Gardner becomes Vice President of the United States following the resignation of Keaton.
  • Rod Calloway (Kyle Secor)
    • Calloway is Mac's husband. He was her vice presidential chief of staff, and thus was initially resentful of Gardner. During the first season, Calloway encourages Mac to give him an office in the West Wing, and a real role in the administration. He later returns to a more traditional First Person role, though Mac's mother continues to act as hostess.
  • Kelly Ludlow (Ever Carradine)
    • Brought into Allen's administration from her vice presidential residential staff, Ludlow was the VP's communications director. She is promoted to Press Secretary ahead of the incumbent Deputy Press Secretary, though later proves herself particularly capable in this role. As the series progresses, Mac offers her a more in-depth role in the administration, and thus keeps her apprised of numerous political developments.
  • Richard McDonald (Mark-Paul Gosselaar)
    • Dickie is a campaign advisor and political strategist hired by Rod Calloway into Mac's administration. He idolizes the President, and believes her unquestioning principles to be unmatched in Washington. He often irritates senior staff by focusing only on the political outcomes of personal situations, although he states he does so in order to secure Mac the middle fifty percent of voters.
  • Horace, Rebecca, and Amy Calloway (Matt Lanter, Caitlin Wachs, and Jasmine Anthony)
    • Horace, Rebecca, and Amy are Mac and Rod's children. Horace and Rebecca, aged sixteen, are twins, and Amy is six years old. Rebecca frowns on her mother's choice to assume the presidency and holds more conservative political views than her mother, though Horace is more supportive.

Recurring[edit]

Episodes[edit]

"Little Shop of Horace"[edit]

This episode was scheduled to air on February 21, 2006, after "Wind Beneath My Wings", and a promo was released.[20]

Mac weighs her options on how to deal with a situation in Africa when she learns genocide is taking place in a country there, and it becomes clear there are no easy solutions. Meanwhile, at Dickie's suggestion, Mac considers firing her current Cabinet - many of them holdovers from Teddy Bridges' administration - and bringing in her own in order to start with a clean slate going into her re-election campaign. At the same time, Rod makes a scheduled appearance at a joint U.S.-Cuban children's gymnastics convention, where a freak accident sparks an international situation, and Horace asks Rebecca's friend, Stacey, for help with his homework—but the two end up doing more than just studying.

The episode was written by Tom Szentgyorgyi and directed by Carol Banker.[20]

Reception[edit]

Commander in Chief received mixed reviews, with an aggregate score of 56/100 (26 reviews) on Metacritic.[21]

Reason magazine charged that the series glorified the "Imperial Presidency"[22] and that it favored using government force to impose the personal values of some Americans on others who disagreed with them and to impose the values of those Americans on the rest of the world.[22]

Negative comparisons were drawn[23] with 24's black president David Palmer, as while in that show a black president was depicted as having been voted into office under normal circumstances, Commander in Chief's storyline showed a female president only coming into the presidency because the existing president dies in office.

On the day the series premiered, Davis was reported to have said in an interview, "This is a show about every aspect of the life of a person who is president, the personal side and the public side."[24] A November 2005 review in USA Today noted the show's focus was more on Allen's family than world or national political events; in the same review, Allen's leadership style was compared and contrasted favorably with that of Josiah Bartlet of The West Wing.[25] A reviewer for United Features Syndicate wrote that "While 'Commander' avoids the overt wonkery of 'West Wing,' it also fails to give its audience much credit for knowing history or current events."[26]

The episode "Ties That Bind" generated further controversy and negative press in its fictional depiction of the bordering suburb of Hyattsville, Maryland, as having one of the fastest growing crime rates in the United States. It also indirectly depicted the town as being an urban ghetto dominated by poor minorities. The city and Prince George's County were very upset at ABC and somewhat surprised as well at this depiction; in reality, the city is ethnically mixed, middle-income and mostly suburban in density and character. On May 1, 2006, ABC formally apologized to both the city and county.

Ratings[edit]

The series had good ratings initially, but they waned in subsequent weeks.

The series went on hiatus after its January 24, 2006 episode. In its place, ABC promoted a new Arrested Development-type show titled Sons & Daughters. Commander in Chief was scheduled to return on April 18. However, on March 29, ABC announced that it would instead return on April 13 and move from its Tuesday 9 p.m. slot to a 10 p.m. slot on Thursdays, directly competing with CBS hit Without a Trace and longtime NBC standby ER. Some media experts thought that ABC was hoping the show could be saved by gaining viewers from the surprise reality hit American Inventor aired right before Commander in Chief.[27] However, the reality show saw its ratings drop by half and proved to be a weak lead in to Commander in Chief.[citation needed]

The show's return on April 13 was met by low ratings in its new time slot. Preliminary ratings available on April 14 indicated that only 8.2 million viewers (2.4 rating/7 share in the 18-49 demographic) tuned in for the show's return. CBS's Without a Trace dominated the hour with 18.6 million viewers. NBC's ER, airing a repeat, beat Commander in Chief in the 18-49 demographic (2.6/7 versus 2.4/7), although it had about two million viewers less overall.[citation needed]

ABC pulled the series from its lineup on May 2, 2006, and on May 13 announced that the show had been cancelled. The remaining three episodes of the season were broadcast after the ratings year had ended.

Production[edit]

  • Starting with the episode Rubie Dubidoux and the Brown Bound Express, Steven Bochco replaced Rod Lurie as head executive producer and showrunner. Bochco's changes included a staff of new writers and a new title design similar in style to that of NBC's The West Wing.
  • Beginning with the episode State of the Unions, Dee Johnson replaced Steven Bochco as head executive producer and showrunner.
  • Part of the Greater Richmond Children's Choir (GRCC) of Richmond, Virginia was the French Choir in the pilot episode, making an ironic connection between real life and fiction since Mackenzie Allen was Chancellor of the University of Richmond when Bridges tapped her as his running mate as seen as a flashback in the pilot, the scenes in Paris were also filmed at the University of Richmond.
  • Former Clinton Administration National Security Advisor Sandy Berger was signed on as an advisor to the show.

Filming locations[edit]

  • City Hall - 200 N. Spring St., Downtown, Los Angeles, California, USA
  • Oriole Park at Camden Yards - 333 W. Camden Street, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
  • Raleigh Studios - 5300 Melrose Ave., Hollywood, California, USA (studio)
  • University of Richmond - 28 Westhampton Way, Richmond, Virginia, USA
  • Washington, District of Columbia, USA
  • The Huntington Library - San Marino, California, USA
  • Intersection of North Vermont Avenue and Russell Avenue, Los Feliz, California, USA

Awards and nominations[edit]

Home media[edit]

On April 28, 2006, Buena Vista Home Video formally announced the release of Commander In Chief: The Complete First Season.[28] However, following the show's cancellation, it was decided that it should be split into two volumes.[29]

In Italy, the 5 DVD boxset was released on December 1, 2006 and it contains all original episodes dubbed in Italian plus voice tracks in English and Spanish and also special features the Pilot episode with comments by Rod Lurie and deleted scenes.[30]

DVD Name Ep # Region 1 Region 2 Description
The Inaugural Edition, Part 1 10 June 27, 2006 N/A Episodes 1–10
The Inaugural Edition, Part 2 8 September 5, 2006 N/A Episodes 11–18, Interview with Geena Davis, Unaired Scenes, Bloopers, Exclusive Creator Commentaries.
The Complete First Season 18 N/A January 29, 2007 Interview with Geena Davis, Unaired Scenes, Bloopers, Exclusive Creator Commentaries.

International broadcasts[edit]

  •  Australia - Previously: Seven Network Australia (Original airing)
    Currently: 7TWO (Encore Screening - 2009)
  • Asia (orthographic projection).svg Asia - STAR World, Hallmark Channel
  •  Belgium - Fox life
  •  Bulgaria - Fox life as "Главнокомандващ"
  •  Canada - CTV (English), Historia (French)
  •  Denmark - TV 2
  •  Estonia - Fox life
  •  Finland - Nelonen
  •  France - M6 then Téva
  •  Germany - Sat.1 as "Welcome, Mrs. President"
  •  Hong Kong - ATV World as 最高統帥 (Commander in Chief)
  •  Hungary - Viasat 3 as "Az elnöknő" (Mrs. President)
  •  India - STAR World
  •  Indonesia - Metro TV
  •  Republic of Ireland - RTÉ One
  •  Israel - Yes Stars as "Gvirti Hanasie" (Madam President)
  •  Italy - Rai Uno and Fox Life as "Una donna alla Casa Bianca" (A woman at the White House)
  •  Japan - Fox life as "マダムプレジデント"
  •  Kenya - NTV
  • Latin America (orthographic projection).svg Latin America - Sony Entertainment Television
  •  Latvia - Fox life
  •  Lithuania - Fox life
  •  Malaysia - 8TV
  • Middle East - Showtime Arabia / MBC 4
  •  Netherlands - Foxlife
  •  New Zealand - TV2
  •  Norway - TVNORGE
  •  Philippines - STAR World
  •  Pakistan - STAR World From October 12, 2007
  •  Poland - TVP1 as "Pani prezydent" (Madam President)
  •  Portugal - SIC as "Senhora Presidente" (Mrs. President)
  •  Russia - Fox Life
  •  Serbia - RTS 2 as "Predsednica" (Mrs. President)
  •  Singapore - MediaCorp TV Channel 5
  •  Slovenia - POP TV as "Gospa predsednica" (Mrs. President)
  •  South Africa - SABC 2
  •  South Korea - KBS2
  •  Spain - People&Arts/La Sexta as "Señora Presidenta" (Mrs. President)
  •  Sweden - TV4
  •   Switzerland - SF zwei as "Welcome, Mrs. President" (German+English Bilingual)
  •  Taiwan - Public Television Service as "白宮女總統" (Female President at the White House) [1]
  •  Thailand - TrueVisions16 Hallmark Channel as "ประธานาธิบดีดอกไม้เหล็ก"(Iron Flower Mrs. President)
  •  Trinidad and Tobago - CNMG
  •  Turkey - DiziMax
  •  United Kingdom - ABC1 (Apr 2006), More4 (10 October 2006), with repeats on More4, Channel 4, and E4

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gay, Verne. "He's not blue about leaving network TV". The Boston Globe, September 5, 2007. Accessed 2 July 2009.
  2. ^ "WEEKLY PROGRAM RANKINGS FROM 09/26/05 THROUGH 10/02/05" (Press release). ABC Medianet. October 4, 2005. Retrieved January 25, 2011.
  3. ^ "WEEKLY PROGRAM RANKINGS FROM 10/03/05 THROUGH 10/09/05" (Press release). ABC Medianet. October 11, 2005. Retrieved January 25, 2011.
  4. ^ "WEEKLY PROGRAM RANKINGS FROM 10/10/05 THROUGH 10/16/05" (Press release). ABC Medianet. October 18, 2005. Retrieved January 25, 2011.
  5. ^ "WEEKLY PROGRAM RANKINGS FROM 10/17/05 THROUGH 10/23/05" (Press release). ABC Medianet. October 25, 2005. Retrieved January 25, 2011.
  6. ^ "WEEKLY PROGRAM RANKINGS FROM 10/24/05 THROUGH 10/30/05" (Press release). ABC Medianet. November 1, 2005. Retrieved January 25, 2011.
  7. ^ "WEEKLY PROGRAM RANKINGS FROM 10/31/05 THROUGH 11/06/05" (Press release). ABC Medianet. November 8, 2005. Retrieved January 25, 2011.
  8. ^ "WEEKLY PROGRAM RANKINGS FROM 11/07/05 THROUGH 11/13/05" (Press release). ABC Medianet. November 15, 2005. Retrieved January 25, 2011.
  9. ^ "WEEKLY PROGRAM RANKINGS FROM 11/14/05 THROUGH 11/20/05" (Press release). ABC Medianet. November 22, 2005. Retrieved January 25, 2011.
  10. ^ "WEEKLY PROGRAM RANKINGS FROM 11/28/05 THROUGH 12/04/05" (Press release). ABC Medianet. November 29, 2005. Retrieved January 25, 2011.
  11. ^ "WEEKLY PROGRAM RANKINGS FROM 01/09/06 THROUGH 01/15/06" (Press release). ABC Medianet. January 18, 2006. Retrieved January 25, 2011.
  12. ^ "WEEKLY PROGRAM RANKINGS FROM 01/16/06 THROUGH 01/22/06" (Press release). ABC Medianet. January 24, 2006. Retrieved January 25, 2011.
  13. ^ "WEEKLY PROGRAM RANKINGS FROM 01/23/06 THROUGH 01/29/06" (Press release). ABC Medianet. January 31, 2006. Archived from the original on July 28, 2014. Retrieved January 25, 2011.
  14. ^ "WEEKLY PROGRAM RANKINGS FROM 04/10/06 THROUGH 04/16/06" (Press release). ABC Medianet. April 18, 2006. Retrieved January 25, 2011.
  15. ^ "WEEKLY PROGRAM RANKINGS FROM 04/17/06 THROUGH 04/23/06" (Press release). ABC Medianet. April 25, 2006. Retrieved January 25, 2011.
  16. ^ "WEEKLY PROGRAM RANKINGS FROM 04/24/06 THROUGH 04/30/06" (Press release). ABC Medianet. May 2, 2006. Retrieved January 25, 2011.
  17. ^ "WEEKLY PROGRAM RANKINGS FROM 05/29/06 THROUGH 06/04/06" (Press release). ABC Medianet. June 6, 2006. Retrieved January 25, 2011.
  18. ^ "WEEKLY PROGRAM RANKINGS FROM 06/05/06 THROUGH 06/11/06" (Press release). ABC Medianet. June 13, 2006. Retrieved January 25, 2011.
  19. ^ "WEEKLY PROGRAM RANKINGS FROM 06/12/06 THROUGH 06/18/06" (Press release). ABC Medianet. June 20, 2006. Retrieved January 25, 2011.
  20. ^ a b "COMMANDER IN CHIEF (2/21)" (Press release). ABC Medianet. February 6, 2006. Archived from the original on April 28, 2012. Retrieved January 27, 2011.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  21. ^ "Commander in Chief Reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved 22 April 2019.
  22. ^ a b Healy, Gene (October 18, 2005). "Geena Davis Is Not My President". Reason.
  23. ^ Alston, Joshua (2008-02-11). "Diversity Training". Newsweek.
  24. ^ Jay Bobbin (Zap2it), "Geena Davis becomes ABC's 'Commander in Chief'," Albany Times Union, On TV section, p. 3, September 25, 2005.
  25. ^ Keveney, Bill (November 1, 2005). "Study in leadership styles". USA Today.
  26. ^ McDonough, Kevin (September 26, 2005). "Davis begins term as President". United Features Syndicate. Albany Times Union. Missing or empty |url= (help)
  27. ^ Maynard, John (2006-03-30). "Pulled After Approval Ratings Fell, 'Commander in Chief' Returning". The Washington Post.
  28. ^ Lacey, Gord (2006-04-28). "Commander in Chief - David Takes Office in October". tvshowsondvd.com. Archived from the original on 2008-10-22.
  29. ^ Lacey, Gord (2006-05-25). "Commander in Chief - One Set Become Two Volumes". tvshowsondvd.com. Archived from the original on 2008-10-22.
  30. ^ "Una Donna Alla Casa Bianca Stagione 1". dvd.it.

External links[edit]


James Bond har været rundt i en stor del af Verden i sine film

James Bond er en fiktiv person skabt i 1953 af forfatteren Ian Fleming, som lod ham optræde i 12 romaner og 2 novellesamlinger. (Senere skrev også Kingsley Amis, John Gardner, Raymond Benson m.fl.). Bond har agentnummer 007, de to første nuller dækker over at han har "tilladelse til at dræbe" i tjenesten. James Bond blev især populær, da filmproducenterne Albert "Cubby" Broccoli og Harry Saltzman købte rettighederne til Ian Flemings James Bond og begyndte at udgive de første Bond-film i 1960'erne. Den første film var Dr. No (1962), og siden er der blevet produceret 24 "officielle" film og 3 "uofficielle" (pr. okt. 2015). Den seneste Bond-film kom i oktober 2015: Spectre med Daniel Craig som 007. Den næste med arbejdstitlen Bond 25 er sat til at få premiere i november 2019. Ud over filmene har der desuden også været utallige tegneserier og videospil med James Bond.

Som et kuriosum kan nævnes at James Bond-bøgerne havde indflydelse på CIA's konstruktion af hardwarehjælpemidler.[1]

Indholdsfortegnelse

James Bond alias Agent 007 er hemmelig agent for den britiske efterretningstjeneste Secret Intelligence Service (SIS) også kaldet MI6. Han er sofistikeret, kvindebedårer, udspekuleret, skyde- og nærkampekspert, vinkender, i god fysisk form, har høj smertetærskel og maskulinitet.

Det der især har været med til at karakterisere ham er ikke mindst filmene:

  • Bond, James Bond – Hans vanlige præsentation.
  • Medium dry vodka martini, shaken, not stirred with a lemon peal (jf. filmen Dr. No) – Bond nyder mange forskellige slags spiritus, men favoritten er vodka martini, der skal være rystet, ikke omrørt. En anden af James Bonds yndlingsdrikke er Bollinger '59 champagne.
  • Walther PPK – Oprindelig brugte Bond en Beretta-pistol, men i begyndelsen af Dr. No blev den skiftet ud med en Walther PPK, som blev hans signaturvåben i filmene. I John Gardners bøger skiftes den ud med en ASP 9mm, men i både filmene og Raymond Bensons bøger benytter Bond fortsat Walther PPK helt frem til Tomorrow Never Dies, hvor den definitivt skiftes ud med en Walther P99. I filmen Casino Royale er Bond igen udstyret med en Walther P99, men mange af pr-billederne til filmen viser Bond med en Walther PPK. I filmen Quantum of Solace benytter Bond sig igen primært af en Walther PPK.
  • License to kill – Bond har som 00-agent tilladelse til at dræbe i tjenesten, når han skønner det nødvendigt uden at skulle afklare det med hovedkvarteret først. Til gengæld kan han også blive pålagt at dræbe, når hovedkvarteret skønner det nødvendigt.
  • Bentley og Aston Martin – I Ian Flemings bøger kører Bond sædvanligvis Bentley, men kun sjældent i filmene. Her kører han Aston Martin ved flere lejligheder.
  • Pistolløbet i begyndelsen af hver film, på nær Quantum of Solace og Skyfall, hvor Bond skyder ind i kameraet. Sekvensens udformning har udviklet sig en del i løbet af årene, men er stadig med i hver eneste Bond-film fra Eon Productions.

Biografi[redigér | redigér wikikode]

(James Bonds liv er beskrevet i såvel i Ian Flemings oprindelige romaner og noveller som i flere andre forfatteres værker og filmene. Men trods at de alle har "det blå stempel", strider deres oplysninger flere steder imod hinanden og Fleming selv. I biografien er angivet, hvis der er modstridende oplysninger.)

James Bond er barn af skotten Andrew Bond og schweiziske Monique Delacroix. I filmene er han født og opvokset i Skotland i huset Skyfall som ligger meget alene mellem bakker i den skotske natur. Officielt er han enebarn, men et par romaner fortæller noget andet. I James Bond: The Authorised Biography of 007 omtales en storebror Henry Bond, og i 003½: The Adventures of James Bond Junior medvirker en anden bror David Bond, hvis søn også hedder James Bond. I tegnefilmserien James Bond Jr. optræder også en nevø, James Bond Jr.

Hvornår James Bond er født er uklart, for Ian Flemings oplysninger passer ikke sammen. Af You Only Live Twice fremgår det, at han var 17 år i 1941, hvorfor han skulle være født i 1924. Af John Pearsons James Bond: The Authorised Biography of 007 fremgår imidlertid, at Bond er født 11. november 1920. Problemet er bare, at det i Casino Royale fremgår, at han erhvervede sin Bentley i 1933 – flere år før han overhovedet kunne få kørekort. Af SilverFin fremgår det, at bilen er arvet fra hans onkel Max Bond.

Bonds forældre døde i en bjergbestigningsulykke, da han var 11 år. Bond flyttede så ind hos sin tante Charmian Bond i Canterbury i Kent. Som 12-årig begyndte han på Eton, men måtte forlade skolen efter mindre end et år efter en påstået affære med en stuepige. Han fuldførte sin uddannelse på Fettes College i Edinburgh.

Da 2. verdenskrig var i fuld gang, meldte Bond sig til tjeneste i 1941 – ifølge You Only Live Twice ved at lyve sig to år ældre. Han gjorde sine sager godt og endte som kommandørkaptajn (engelsk commander) i flåden. Efter krigen blev han hvervet til MI6.

Blandt hans første opgaver var de to, der gav ham sit 00-nummer. Den ene var drabet på en japansk kodeekspert, der holdt til i Rockefeller Center i New York. Den anden var drabet på en norsk dobbeltagent i Stockholm.

Privat flyttede Bond ind i en toetages lejlighed på King's Road i Chelsea i London og ansatte den skotske May som husholderske.

I 1953 begynder bøgerne, og siden er Bonds liv blevet præget af et utal af livsfarlige missioner, smarte hjælpemidler, skruppelløse skurke og flotte piger.

Ændret biografi[redigér | redigér wikikode]

Da filmserien blev genstartet med Casino Royale i 2006 blev James Bonds biografi skrevet om og senere udbygget. I Skyfall og Spectre fortælles således, hvordan han efter sine forældres død kom til at bo hos og blev midlertidigt adopteret af en slags nabo. Efter dennes død kom Bond på Oxford og blev senere MI6-agent.

  • M. Chefen for SIS og Bonds direkte chef. Udsender Bond på missioner til alle klodens egne. Støtter og respekterer som regel Bond, men billiger ikke altid hans metoder. M er en stillingsbetegnelse, der i de første mange år dækkede over admiral Sir Miles Messervy. I 1980'erne blev arbejdet muligvis overtaget af admiral Hargreaves, men det er ikke bekræftet. Fra GoldenEye fra 1995 blev Barbara Mawdsley den nye M, og efter hendes død i Skyfall fra 2012 tog Gareth Mallory over.
  • Miss Moneypenny. M's sekretær. I bøgerne har hun kun en beskeden rolle, men i filmene er hendes småflirten med Bond et fast element.
  • Q. Chef for Q-afdelingen der udvikler og udleverer hjælpemidler og våben til agenterne. Spøger efter eget udsagn aldrig om sit arbejde. Lige som M er Q en stillingsbetegnelse, der i de første mange år dækkede over major Boothroyd. Den nuværende Q's rigtige navn er ikke kendt. Der har været 4 der har haft rollen som Q. Den meste kendte er dog Desmond Llewelyn, men også John Cleese, Peter Burton og senest Ben Whishaw har også haft rollen som Q.
  • Bill Tanner. M's stabscef og Bonds ven. Optræder mest i bøgerne.
  • Charles Robinson. M's højre hånd omkring årtusindskiftet.
  • Loelia Ponsonby og Mary Goodnight. Sekretærer for 00-afdelingen og optræder kun i bøgerne (Mary Goodnight er dog med i The Man With The Golden Gun).
  • Sir Frederick Gray. Britisk forsvarsminister som Bond ikke altid er på linje med.
  • Felix Leiter. Bonds ven og agent for CIA og i bøgerne senere Pinkertons detektivbureau. Hjælper ham på flere missioner.
  • Jack Wade. Rapkæftet CIA-agent og øjensynligt Leiters afløser i 1990'erne.
  • Rene Mathis. Agent for den franske efterretningstjeneste Deuxieme Bureau og Bonds ven.
  • General Anatol Gogol. Leder af KGB. Ikke uvenligt stemt over for vesten og Bond, men er i sagens natur en konkurrent.
  • May. Bonds elskede gamle skotske husholderske. Optræder kun i bøgerne.
  • Charmian Bond. Bonds gamle skotske tante, der tog sig af ham efter hans forældres død. Optræder kun i bøgerne.
  • Ernst Stavro Blofeld alias Nummer et. Den djævelske leder af af terrororganisationen SPECTRE. Holder af perserkatte og at holde hele verden som gidsel.
  • Jaws. Tårnhøj lejemorder med metaltænder. Taler sjældent, men bruger hellere sine store kræfter. Kan tilsyneladende overleve hvad som helst. Optræder kun i The Spy Who Loved Me og Moonraker.

Derudover må nævnes terrororganisationen SPECTRE, hvis navn står for Special Executive for Counterintelligence, Terrorism, Revenge, and Extortion. Organisationen, der oprindelig lededes af Ernst Stavro Blofeld, var Bonds modstander i flere romaner og de fleste af Sean Connerys film og er den hyppigste genganger blandt Bonds mange modstandere. De vigtigste medlemmer af organisationer bærer numre, der angiver deres rang (fx Nummer to og Nummer seks). Medlemmer, der svigter organisationen, bliver likvideret på ofte spektakulær vis.

00-agenter[redigér | redigér wikikode]

00-agenterne er Bonds kolleger, der lige som han har tilladelse til at dræbe i tjenesten. Optræder eller omtales kortvarigt ved flere lejligheder. Flere af dem er blevet dræbt i tjenesten.

Hvor mange 00-agenter, der er, varierer. I filmen Thunderball er situationen så alvorlig, at alle SIS' 00-agenter i Europa er samlet til et møde. Der er ni stole, og 007 sidder på den syvende stol. Det tyder på, at der er ni 00-agenter med numrene fra 001 til 009.[2] Imidlertid taler miss Moneypenny udtrykkeligt om, at det er alle 00-agenter i Europa, ikke i verden, så der kan udmærket være flere 00-agenter. I bogen Moonraker opereres kun med tre 00-agenter, 007, 008 og 0011, der på det tidspunkt befindende sig i hhv. London, Berlin og Singapore.

Blandt de 00-agenter, der omtales eller optræder i filmene, kan nævnes:

  • 002 (Glyn Baker) taber en øvelse på Gibraltar i The Living Daylights
  • 003 blev fundet død i Sibirien med en stjålen mikrochip i A View to a Kill.
  • 004 (Frederick Warder) dræbes af en falsk KGB-agent i The Living Daylights.
  • 006 Alec Trevelyan (Sean Bean) forsvinder i GoldenEye.
  • 008 omtales som 007s afløser i Goldfinger og The Living Daylights.
  • 009 (Andy Bradford) dræbes i et klovnekostume i Octopussy.

Ian Fleming[redigér | redigér wikikode]

  • Casino Royale (Banko for døden / Casino Royale, 1953)
  • Live and Let Die (Blodig vej til Jamaica, 1954)
  • Moonraker (Agent 007 / James Bond og Tordenkilen, 1955)
  • Diamonds Are Forever (Agent 007 spiller højt / Diamanter varer evigt, 1956)
  • From Russia with Love (Agent 007 jages / Med russisk kærlighed, 1957)
  • Dr. No (Agent 007 operation mord / Dr. No, 1958)
  • Goldfinger (Døden må vente, 1959)
  • For Your Eyes Only (Strengt fortroligt, 1960) (Novellesamling)
  • Thunderball (Domino / Agent 007 i ilden, 1961)
  • The Spy Who Loved Me (Jeg elskede James Bond, 1962)
  • On Her Majesty's Secret Service (Spillet er ude, James Bond / I Hendes Majestæts hemmelige tjeneste, 1963)
  • You Only Live Twice (Du lever kun to gange, 1964)
  • The Man with the Golden Gun (Manden med den gyldne pistol, 1965)
  • Octopussy and The Living Daylights (100.000 er budt, James Bond, 1966) (Novellesamling)

De to sidste bøger blev udgivet efter Ian Flemings død i 1964.

Andre forfattere[redigér | redigér wikikode]

Kingsley Amis (pseudonym Robert Markham)

John Gardner

  • Licence Renewed (Licens fornyet, 1981)
  • For Special Services (007 – i særlig tjeneste, 1982)
  • Icebreaker (1983)
  • Role of Honour (1984)
  • Nobody Lives For Ever (007 – ingen lever evigt, 1986)
  • No Deals, Mr. Bond (007 – mislykket operation, 1987)
  • Scorpius (007 – Scorpius, 1988)
  • Win, Lose or Die (007 – vinderen lever farligt, 1989)
  • Licence to Kill (007 – med ret til at dræbe, 1989) (Baseret på filmmanuskriptet)
  • Brokenclaw (1990)
  • The Man from Barbarossa (1991)
  • Death is Forever (1992)
  • Never Send Flowers (1993)
  • SeaFire (1994)
  • GoldenEye (1995) (Baseret på filmmanuskriptet)
  • COLD (1996)

Raymond Benson

Sebastian Faulks

Jeffrey Deaver

William Boyd

Anonym (pseudonym R. D. Mascott)

John Pearson

Christopher Wood

Charlie Higson - Serien Young Bond:

Samantha Weinberg (pseudonym Kate Westbrook) - The Moneypenny Diaries:

Aldrig udgivne[redigér | redigér wikikode]

To Bond-historier er aldrig udgivet:

Geoffrey Jenkins

Raymond Benson

De fleste af James Bond-filmene er produceret af Eon Productions og udgør en slags serie, som bl.a. har eneret på James Bond-temaet (komponeret af Monty Norman, arrangeret af John Barry), det såkaldte gunbarrel-logo (hvor man ser Bond gennem et pistolløb) og det kendte "007" pistol-logo. Filmene fra Eon Productions kaldes ofte for de "officielle" Bond-film, men det er misvisende, for der er også lavet legale Bond-filmatiseringer af andre producenter, se nedenfor. Rettighederne til både de "officielle" film og de tre "uofficielle" ligger i dag hos MGM.

De fleste film er uafhængige af hinanden. From Russia with Love følger dog løst op på Dr. No, og Diamonds Are Forever følger tilsvarende løst op på On Her Majesty's Secret Service. I 2006 blev Eon Productions' serie genstartet med Casino Royale, og den og de øvrige film med Daniel Craig hænger til en vis grad sammen.

James Bond-film fra Eon Productions[redigér | redigér wikikode]

: Sangere eller ved instrumentalnumre dirigenten.

Andre officielle James Bond-filmatiseringer[redigér | redigér wikikode]

  • Casino Royale (1954): Afsnit af tv-serien Climax!, med Barry Nelson som James Bond. Den første af tre filmatiseringer af romanen Casino Royale.
  • Casino Royale (1967): Parodi med David Niven som James Bond og Peter Sellers som hans afløser. Den anden af tre filmatiseringer af romanen Casino Royale.
  • Never Say Never Again (1983): Den anden af to filmatiseringer af romanen Thunderball, begge med Sean Connery som James Bond.

James Bond-skuespillere[redigér | redigér wikikode]

På film er James Bond blevet spillet af:

  • Barry Nelson (1 tv-film, 1954)
  • Sean Connery (7 film mellem 1962 og 1983) – For skotten Connery blev Bond-filmene den første store filmsucces. Han debuterede med filmen Dr. No. Da han havde haft rollen seks gange, tog han afsked med den af frygt for at blive sat i bås men vendte alligevel tilbage en sidste gang i Never Say Never Again.
  • David Niven (1 film, 1967) – Spillede kun Bond i en enkelt film Casino Royale.
  • George Lazenby (1 film, 1969) – Australieren Lazenby spillede kun Bond én gang i 1969 i filmen On Her Majesty's Secret Service. Hans fremstilling var meget actionbetonet men fandt ikke nåde hos biografgængerne.
  • Roger Moore (7 film mellem 1973 og 1985) – Englænderen Roger Moore var i spil som den første Agent 007, men han var optaget af tv-serien 'Helgenen' (The Saint) og senere 'De Uheldige Helte' (The Persuaders!). I 1973 debuterede han som 007 i Live and Let Die. I alt syv gange optrådte han som Bond, og hans fortolkning var mere playboy-agtig end Connerys.
  • Timothy Dalton (2 film mellem 1987 og 1989) – Kun to gange stod den walisiske Shakespeare-skuespiller foran kameraet som James Bond: I 1987 i The Living Daylights og to år senere i Licence to Kill. Dalton slog dog ikke igennem hos biografpublikummet.
  • Pierce Brosnan (4 film mellem 1995 og 2002) – Ireren var tæt på at blive Roger Moores afløser. Af private årsager og grundet hans medvirken i tv-serien Remington Steele måtte Brosnan opgive at spille Bond i 1987 og fik først premiere som Hendes Majestæts hemmelige agent i GoldenEye otte år senere. Den kendte skuespiller gav figuren en ny opblomstring, som hjalp på biografernes indtjening. Filmen blev den hidtil mest succesrige Bond-film.
  • Daniel Craig (4 film mellem 2006 og 2015) – valget af englænderen var kontroversielt, men den nye James Bond skulle være tættere på bøgernes; kold og brutal men uden ar på kinden. Craig har kontrakt på fem film med EON.

Danske medvirkende[redigér | redigér wikikode]

Fire danskere har medvirket i James Bond-film:

Mange tegnere har lavet tegneserier om James Bond. Bedst kendt er John McLuskys avistegneserie fra London Daily Express. Den og mange andre 007-tegneserier udkom på dansk i tegneseriebladet Agent 007, James Bond (1965-1984).

Tre af Ian Flemings romaner har dannet basis for hørespil:

  • Moonraker: Sydafrika, 1956, med Bob Holness som James Bond.
  • You Only Live Twice: BBC, begyndelsen af 1990'erne, med Michael Jayston som James Bond.
  • Dr. No: BBC, annoceret april 2008, med Toby Stephens som James Bond.

I forsøg på at nå en yngre målgruppe end den der nåedes med filmene skabtes i 1991-1992 tegnefilmserien James Bond Jr. på 65 afsnit. Serien handlede om Bonds nevø af samme navn. Han var elev på Warfield Academy, en specialskole for hemmelige agenters børn. Sammen med Felix Leiters søn Gordo og Q's barnebarn Horace Bootroyd, I.Q kæmpede han mod forbryderorganisationen S.C.U.M. (Saboteurs and Criminals United in Mayhem). Serien involverede både nye skurke så som Scumlord, Doctor Derange og Skullcap og gamle Bond-skurke som Jaws, Nick-Nack og Goldfinger.

James Bond Jr.-bøger[redigér | redigér wikikode]

John Peel (psydonym John Vincent) – Alle 1992

Caryn Jenner

James Bond-filmenes popularitet har i tidens løb medført et utal af film, serier, bøger osv. der er inspireret af eller associserer til filmene eller er deciderede parodier på Bond og genren i øvrigt. Blandt det meget kan nævnes:

Bøger[redigér | redigér wikikode]

  • Dracula Cha Cha Cha (1998), roman af Kim Newman, henlagt til Rom anno 1959, hvor vi møder den engelske agent Hamish Bond samt Frankensteins monster, der har ståltænder og bruger en bowlerhat som kastevåben.

Film[redigér | redigér wikikode]

Pornofilm[redigér | redigér wikikode]

TV-serier[redigér | redigér wikikode]

Tegnefilm[redigér | redigér wikikode]

  • Sunes Verden: Tegnefilmserie hvis intro indledes med en smokingklædt Sune i The Gunbarrel.
  • Inspektør Gadget: Tegnefilmserie med den onde Dr. Claw der på mange punkter ligner Blofeld.

Tegneserier[redigér | redigér wikikode]




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